Terrain conservation – the practice of holding land wide open and free of development – has become a significant real estate activity in the United Areas. Since 1988 voters across the country have approved spending around $54 billion dollars on land conservation in state and local boule measures, in line with the Trust for Public Land. Additional private money is spent on conservation through non-profit land trusts and conservation by individuals and corporations. Property conservation is becoming an important component of smart development efforts, as well as for environmental protection and recreational opportunities. Land Permitting Services
Understanding the purpose, various techniques available and other issues associated with land conservation is essential for real property and appraisal professionals. Property owners may receive benefits for conserving their land, but must also be aware of costs and potential issues. Sale for land for conservation may have additional benefits. Property conservation programs can have significant impacts on areas, valuation, and can impact use of adjacent land as well as the land being conserved. Effects for permanent maintenance cost, valuation and taxes may be complex and considerable.
Many land conservation activities try to preserve the land in a natural condition to achieve environmental benefits. Other approaches may aim to preserve agricultural use rather than a natural environment. In any circumstance, the overriding objective is usually to work cooperatively with property owners to limit urban development to be able to achieve other general population goals.
Land conservation activities could be as simple as an individual landowner deciding not to develop land, but instead preserve the natural environment. Land conservation can happen with relatively simple easements on private property that prevent future development. Easements can be sold, exchanged for other land, provide tax reductions, or granted for a variety of other considerations. Preservation can also occur through payment simple purchase of land. Purchase might be based upon the full market value or another discussed value allowing some ongoing use or tenancy by the seller.
Government organizations are generally involved in land conservation efforts. Other non-governmental organizations (NGOs), such as non-profit land trusts and other conservation organizations may be partly or only involved. Much more complicated circumstances, all the government and NGO entities and available tools can also be used in some combo to save larger properties or areas.
The fundamental conservation tools are:
Personal action – attempts for individual land owners to conserve their land because it benefits quality of life for themselves and the public. Traditionally, farming and ranching has maintained open land as an inherent part of the land use. Today, some individuals are acquiring and operating farms and ranches specifically for resource efficiency purposes. Ted Turner is perhaps the best known, and is the major private landowner in the United States. His working ranches are economically feasible businesses that simultaneously support conservation goals, including drinking water resource management, reforestation and reintroduction of native kinds.
Land acquisition – cost simple purchase of the land by government, land trusts, other conservation organizations or voluntary donation by the property owner. A great acquisition example is the Richardson’s Bay Sanctuary, located on the edge of San Francisco Bay in California. The Audubon World purchased submerged and upland areas to provide home for wildlife and migratory water birds.